The biomass strategy concerns the use of biomass for electricity and CHP production, a description of various biomass fuels, a description of the need for development within the combustion of biomass, including the handling of environmental problems. It also involves a description of the use of biomass for thermal gasification, for biogas and for new thermal technologies such as the Stirling engine.
Hydrogen and fuel cells
The Danish strategy is based on a general document dealing with hydrogen and fuel cell research in Denmark. The document also describes a series of strategies representing the individual technology areas on which Denmark primarily focuses. The strategies are anchored with the Partnership for Hydrogen and Fuel Cells, an organisation which has most of the Danish players as its members, including the authorities dealing with this particular area.
The solar cell strategy covers the entire process from research and development, via design and implementation, to demonstration and long-term testing. The solar cell strategy concerns the use of both silicon solar cells and polymer solar cells.
The wind power strategy concerns the development of the economy and environmental impacts (in terms of visual impacts and impacts on the countryside) of wind power as well as identifying the interaction between wind power and the electricity system with a view to incorporating increasing volumes of wind power. Within the field of offshore wind power, focus is on the development of foundations, environmental impacts, corrosion problems, long-term impacts etc.
The wave energy strategy concerns the development of measuring programmes, testing, the evaluation of results, step-by-step upscaling and calculating the kWh price of electricity generated by means of wave energy. Focus is on technologies involving point absorbers, overtopping devices and turbine/wind turbine systems.
The strategy for liquid biofuels was drafted without assistance from Energinet.dk. The strategy deals with optimising the procurement of biofuels and using them in the production of fuels for the transport sector.
Efficient consumption technologies
This strategy has been prepared without the assistance of Energinet.dk. Efficient consumption technologies comprise the identification of electricity-consuming installations and the development of new low-energy products. The individual strategies can be downloaded from the website of the Danish Energy Agency.
Energinet.dk and a number of partners from within the waste sector in Denmark are taking part in a review of the use of waste in electricity and CHP production. The review will subsequently form the basis of a Danish waste strategy for electricity and CHP as such.
In collaboration with the EUDP research programme (within the Danish Energy Agency) and the Danish Biogas Association, Energinet.dk has prepared a strategy for the biogas research and development efforts. The strategy identifies the most important focus areas when it comes to achieving Denmark's goal of increasing the number of biogas plants towards 2020. The strategy is to set the path for public and private development efforts. The EUDP and Energinet.dk's development programmes ForskEL and ForskNG all have biogas as a prioritised focus area, and the strategy will be used to coordinate all the efforts across these and other programmes. It will also be used to develop partnerships, foster the best projects in collaboration with the industry, and to finally prioritise the applications received under the energy research programmes.
In addition to the ordinary PSO research and development funds, DKK 30m was allocated to solar heat as part of the energy agreement from March 2004. The funds were to be used to examine the possibilities of constructing large solar heating plants with associated CHP plants, examine storage problems, and to develop and demonstrate such installations. In collaboration with the industry, Energinet.dk conducted an analysis to shed light on these particular issues. Subsequently, the industry, the Danish Energy Agency and Energinet.dk prepared a solar heating strategy for all types of solar heat in Denmark.
Combined Danish energy research strategy
The Advisory Energy Research Committee (REFU) has prepared a combined Danish energy research strategy. The purpose of the strategy is to join Danish core strengths within energy research and to ensure that energy research programmes pursue common objectives with regard to commercialisation, growth and job creation. Furthermore, the strategy describes the scope for internationalisation. Energinet.dk has been on the steering committee for the project.