Coal, oil and natural gas (fossil fuels) have formed the basis for social growth and development for more than a hundred years. Coal and natural gas for electricity and CHP generation and oil (petrol and diesel) for transport are still the foundation of energy supply in Denmark and other countries. The use of fossil fuels has a major impact on the environment because of CO2 emissions, waste products and residual products. Denmark aims at reducing the use of fossil fuels and switching to modern, sustainable green energy on account of the climate development, environmental impacts and security of supply.
For Denmark, wind power, biomass, biogas and biofuels will be the new main sources of renewable energy supply for electricity and heat generation and transport, but also renewable energy impacts the environment. Wind turbines and hydropower have an impact on nature while biofuels also generate waste products and residual products even though they are considered to be CO2 neutral.
Energinet.dk takes the environment seriously
It is one of Energinet.dk’s objectives to contribute actively to reducing the environmental impacts of generation, transport and the use of natural gas, electricity and CHP. This will be achieved within the following three main areas:
- Electricity and CHP generation must be eco-friendly. Energinet.dk does not own generation facilities but supports research and development in the new green technologies via a number of research programmes. You can find more information under ’Research’ on our website. Existing electricity and CHP generation facilities must reduce their environmental impact. Energinet.dk publishes an annual environmental report including a status of the total environmental impact and forecasts of how the emissions can be reduced.
- Electricity and natural gas transmission is Energinet.dk’s core activity. Environmental consideration is applied by way of considerate location of power lines and gas pipelines in the landscape, for example by removing towers and replacing them by underground cables, and by reducing the losses and environmental impacts of operating the electricity and natural gas transmission systems. Energinet.dk is also responsible for the connection of new wind turbines, offshore wind farms and other types of renewable electricity generation as well as the integration of new eco-friendly gases (eg biogas) to replace natural gas.
- Energy use must be smarter and with as little waste as possible. The development of automatic control systems for electricity and integrated planning of electricity and biogas in the transport and heating sectors form part of Energinet.dk’s strategy for a future Danish green and renewable energy society. Electric vehicles and biofuels can replace the consumption of petrol and diesel in the transport sector. Heat pumps in private households can replace oil-fired boilers in the heating sector, while large district heating systems can replace coal and oil with electricity generated by wind power and biofuels.
In our capacity as system operator of the main electricity and gas transmission systems, Energinet.dk participates actively in society’s switch to renewable energy and least possible environmental impact from energy consumption.